There are a number of accidents that can occur when working in an office setting: falls, strains and overexertions, striking against objects, and being caught in or between objects. The U.S. Department of Commerce
provides some prevention tips for the different accident types listed above.
- Be sure pathways are clear before you walk.
- Close drawers completely after every use.
- Secure electrical cords and wires from walkways.
- Report loose carpeting or damaged flooring.
- Wear stable shoes with non-slip soles.
Strains and Overexertion
- Safe Lifting Steps
o Take a balanced stance, feet placed shoulder-width apart. When lifting something from the floor, squat close to the load.
o Keep your back in its neutral or straight position. Tuck in your chin so your head and neck continue the straight back line.
o Grip the object with your whole hand, rather than only with your fingers.
o Draw the object close to you, holding your elbows close to your body to keep the load and your body weight centered.
o Lift by straightening your legs. Let your leg muscles, not your back muscles, do the work. Tighten your stomach muscles to help support your back.
o Maintain your neutral back position as you lift.
o Never twist when lifting. When you must turn with a load, turn your whole body, feet first.
o Never carry a load that blocks your vision.
o To set something down, use the same body mechanics designed for lifting.
Struck By or Striking Objects
- Objects striking employees occur as a result of:
o Bumping into doors, desks, file cabinets, and open drawers.
o Bumping into other people while walking.
o Striking open file drawers while bending down or straightening up.
o Striking against sharp objects such as office machines, spindle files, staples, and pins.
In addition to the prevention information, the site also includes important information regarding workstation ergonomics.